All About the Breed Pumi

Have you recently fallen for the Pumi or do you simply love rare breeds? Learn all about them here, including: Breed History, Personality Traits, Train-ability, Benefits and Disadvantages of the Breed, and Common Health Concerns.

Often confused with the dread-locked Puli, the Pumi is a lively and loyal breed with distinctive features. But how do you know whether you are ready to own a pet and if this is the right breed for you? This information is absolutely necessary in making the decision to purchase a pet.


The origin of the Pumi is the same of its look-alike, the Puli. It is believed that early Sheep Dogs of the East were bred with Shepherd breeds of the West, in hopes of creating a superior driving and companion dog. The Pumi turned out to be just what early breeders had hoped for.

Dr. Emil Raitsis began studying the Pumi and other similar breeds during the early 1900's and soon the Pumi was classified as its own distinct breed in 1935.

Unfortunately, the Pumi remains rather rare outside of its native Hungary to date.

Personality Traits

Being bred to drive cattle and sheep, the Pumi is an energetic working dog. The Pumi is known to be an alert, intelligent, and a devoted family pet that loves to play. This breed often becomes attached to one person, whom it trusts and likes the most. These dogs thrive on and respond best to dependable and trusting relationships.


Due to its history of driving cattle and companionship, training and basic commands generally come easy to the Pumi. This is a highly intelligent breed with an energetic urge to work and please its master.

While all relationships with a Pumi depend upon trust and dependability, it is very important to establish and dominate yet loving friendship from the very first day that the young Pumi is brought home.

Benefits and Disadvantages of the Breed

There are many benefits to owning a Pumi. This is an intelligent, dependable and devoted breed. The Pumi was bred as a companion and worker, and makes a nice family pet and addition to a farm. These dogs are known as being very alert at all times, and will call out when a stranger or intruder approaches the home or property.

Unfortunately, there are also disadvantages to owning a Pumi. This breed is energetic and motivated, requiring large amounts of daily exercise and room to run and play. Anyone wishing to purchase a Pumi lacking the adequate amount of time and space to dedicate to the dog is strongly advised against doing so. A Pumi lacking proper exercise will become bored and act out by destroying property, barking, whining, chewing, and ignoring basic training such as housebreaking.

The Pumi is known to show aggression towards other pets, and is sometimes impatient and grouchy with children. A household with small children and various pets is not the ideal environment for the Pumi.

This breed retains many of its historic instincts to drive cattle and sheep, and can be a danger to other animals, neighborhood pets, and small woodland creatures. It is advised to keep a Pumi leashed or safely secured at all times while it is outdoors.

The Pumi's coat is thick and wiry and the undercoat and ears require almost constant attention, brushing, and grooming.

As previously mentioned, the Pumi remains rather rare outside of its native Hungary and can prove difficult to obtain. Individuals seeking to purchase a Pumi will often encounter challenges such as inability to locate a breeder, high prices, and being placed on long waiting lists.

Common Health Concerns

While the Pumi is generally considered a hearty and healthy breed, it is known to suffer from the following health problems: patellar luxation - dislocation of the knee cap, and hip dysplasia.

Now that you know all about the breed, do you think you are ready to own a Pumi? Remember, purchasing a pet is a big decision and should be discussed thoroughly and seriously with your entire family.