All About the Breed American Eskimo Dog

Have you recently fallen for the American Eskimo Dog? Learn all about the breed here, including: Breed History, Personality Traits, Train-ability, Benefits and Disadvantages of the Breed, and Common Health Concerns.

The American Eskimo Dog is a play and intelligent breed.

But how do you know whether you are ready to purchase a pet and if this breed is right for you?

This information is absolutely necessary in making the decision to purchase a pet.


While the origin of the American Eskimo dog is not well documented, enthusiasts believe that this breed is a descendent of the white German Spitz, the white Keeshond, the white Pomeranian, and the white Italian Spitz, though this has never been proven scientifically.

This breed was especially popular with German immigrants during the 19th century. It was soon discovered how highly trainable the American Eskimo Dog was and this breed became a very popular member of many traveling circuses of the time.

The American Eskimo Dog Club of America was formed in 1985. Ten years later, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club as a Non-Sporting Breed.

Personality Traits

Like most Spitz breeds, the American Eskimo Dog is known for its playful and curious nature, acting like a small puppy well into adulthood. This breed thrives on dependable human relationships and becomes very attached to its owner, showing love and affection. These dogs are very intelligent and highly trainable, though they can be somewhat stubborn at times


The American Eskimo Dog is very intelligent and trainable, perhaps more so than any Spitz breed. These dogs generally respond well to basic training and commands and can learn to perform most any task its trainer is willing to take the time to teach.

As with any breed, establishing immediate dominance and trust is key to successfully training the American Eskimo Dog. This breed responds best to a gentle yet stern approach to training.

Benefits and Disadvantages of the Breed

There are many benefits to owning an American Eskimo Dog. These dogs thrive on strong human relationships and typically get along well with small children and other pets. This breed is very playful, and often entertaining to watch while at play. The American Eskimo Dog is highly intelligent and trainable, with the ability to learn to perform many impressive tricks and tasks.

This breed is affectionate, loyal, and loving, making an excellent pet for most any type of person.

Unfortunately, there are also disadvantages to owning an American Eskimo Dog. These playful and energetic dogs require large amounts of daily exercise and room to run and play. Anyone wishing to purchase an American Eskimo Dog lacking the adequate amount of time and space to dedicate to the dog is strongly advised against doing so.

An American Eskimo Dog not receiving the proper amount of exercise will often act out by destroying property, chewing, barking, whining, and ignoring basic training such as housebreaking.

Due to their need for human relationships and attention, the American Eskimo Dog falls victim to separation anxiety. Individuals seeking to purchase this breed who travel frequently, have full time work, or are away from the home on a daily basis are advised to research another breed.

During an attack of separation anxiety, the American Eskimo dog will act out of nervous destruction and destroy property, chew, whine, bark, and ignore basic training such as housebreaking.

The American Eskimo Dog has an impressive coat that requires almost constant attention, brushing, and grooming.

Common Health Concerns

While the American Eskimo Dog is generally known as a healthy and hearty breed, they are affected by a few health problems, including: hip dysplasia, patellar luxation - dislocation of the knee, bloat, and progressive retinal atrophy.

Now that you know all about the breed, do you think you are ready to own an American Eskimo Dog?

Remember, purchasing a pet is a big decision and should be discussed thoroughly and seriously with your entire family.