All About the Breed Borzoi

Have you recently fallen for the Borzoi or do you simply love rare breeds? Learn all about the breed here, including: Breed History, Personality Traits, Train-ability, Benefits and Disadvantages of the Breed, and Common Health Concerns.

Also known as the Russian Wolfhound, Russkaya Psovaya Borzoya, and the Psovoi, the Borzoi is an intelligent and independent breed. But how do you know whether you are ready to own a pet and if this breed is right for you? This information is absolutely necessary in making the decision to purchase a pet.


The origin of the Borzoi can be traced back to 13th century Russia, where the breed was used primarily for the purposes of hunting and coursing, proving their superior working abilities. Enthusiasts believe the Borzoi to have descended from ancient Bearhound and Coursinghounds of Russia, though this has never been proven scientifically or otherwise.

In 1889, the Borzoi made its American debut and was later recognized by the American Kennel Club and categorized into the Hound Group.

Today, the Borzoi has established an underground popularity, yet still remains rather rare outside of its native Russia.

Personality Traits

Best known for its energetic and athletic nature, the Borzoi loves to run and play. This breed can be somewhat stubborn and independent at times, but generally responds well to training. These dogs are highly intelligent and are eager to work and please their master. As a pet, the Borzoi is loyal, loving, and affectionate.


Due to their need to please and impress their owner, the Borzoi typically responds well to basic training and commands. These intelligent dogs can be taught to perform most any task their trainer is willing to take the time to teach.

Establishing a trusting relationship is key to successfully training the Borzoi. This breed is rather sensitive to criticism and responds best to a gentle yet stern approach and positive reinforcement.

Benefits and Disadvantages of the Breed

There are many benefits to owning a Borzoi. These dogs are highly energetic and often very entertaining to watch when at play. The Borzoi is an intelligent breed and can be taught to perform many impressive tricks and tasks. When properly socialized, the Borzoi gets along well with small children and other pets, making friends quickly. This breed is loyal, loving, calm, and affectionate, making an excellent family pet and companion alike.

Unfortunately, there are also disadvantages to owning a Borzoi. This energetic breed requires large amounts of daily exercise and room to run and play. Anyone wishing to purchase this breed lacking the adequate amount of time and space to dedicate to the dog is strongly advised against doing so. A Borzoi not receiving the proper amount of exercise and space will often act out by destroying property, chewing, barking, whining, and ignoring basic training such as housebreaking.

The Borzoi has a strong instinct to hunt and will occasionally indulge in a good chase. When on the run, these dogs are extremely fast and may pose a threat to other animals, neighborhood pets, and woodland creatures. The Borzoi must be leashed or properly secured at all times when outdoors.

This breed's sleek and impressive coat requires almost constant attention, brushing, and grooming to keep its attractive appearance.

As previously mentioned, the Borzoi remains rather rare outside of its native Russia and can prove difficult to obtain. Individuals seeking to purchase this breed will often encounter such challenges as inability to locate a breeder, high prices, and being placed on long waiting lists.

Common Health Concerns

While the Borzoi is generally known as a healthy and hearty breed, they do suffer from a few health problems, including: hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - causing constant grooming or chewing, bloat, cardiac arhythmia, and progressive retinal atrophy.

Now that you know all about the breed, do you think you are ready to own a Borzoi? Remember, purchasing a pet is a big decision and should be discussed thoroughly and seriously with your entire family.