All About the Breed Pomeranian

Have you recently fallen for the Pomeranian? Learn all about the breed here, including: Breed History, Personality Traits, Train-ability, Benefits and Disadvantages of the Breed, and Common Health Concerns.

Also known as the Zwergspitz, Spitz Nain, Spitz Enano, Zwerg, and simply the Pom, the Pomeranian is a friendly and outgoing breed. But how do you know whether you are ready to purchase a pet and if this breed is right for you? This information is absolutely necessary in making the decision to purchase a pet.


The origin of the Pomeranian can be traced back to 18th century Poland and Germany. Enthusiasts believe the breed to have descended from large Spitz breeds in Greenland and Lapland which were used for herding, though this has never been proven scientifically or otherwise.

Throughout its history, the Pomeranian has been most commonly kept as a companion breed, proving its superior ability to provide love, affection, and friendship.

While the exact history of the Pomeranian's introduction to the United States has not been well documented, the breed has been formally shown since the late 1800's and was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1900.

Today, the Pomeranian has attained a world wide popularity as an amazing companion breed.

Personality Traits

Best known for its sweet and outgoing nature, the Pomeranian loves to socialize and enjoys being around other pets and people. This breed is intelligent, yet somewhat independent and stubborn, creating difficulty in training. The Pomeranian is highly energetic and enjoys spending time outdoors and playing games such as fetch. As a pet, these dogs are loyal, loving, and affectionate, yet they do not like to sit on laps for long periods of time or feel confined.


Due to its independent and stubborn attitude, the Pomeranian can prove somewhat challenging to train initially. After breaking through basic training, this breed generally responds well to ongoing handling, training, and commands, and has the ability to learn to perform many tasks.

Establishing immediate dominance, trust, and respect is key to successfully training the Pomeranian. This breed responds best to a stern yet gentle approach by a patient and confident handler.

Benefits and Disadvantages of the Breed

There are many benefits to owning a Pomeranian. These active dogs are often quite amusing and entertaining to watch while at play. With ongoing training, the Pomeranian has the ability to learn to perform many impressive tricks and tasks. When properly socialized from a young age, the Pomeranian gets along well with children and other pets, known for its gentle approach to small children and making friends quickly and easily. The Pomeranian is loyal, loving, and affectionate, making an excellent family pet and companion alike.

Unfortunately, there are also disadvantages to owning a Pomeranian. This energetic breed requires large amounts of daily exercise and room to run and play. Anyone wishing to purchase this breed lacking the adequate amount of time and space to dedicate to the dog is strongly advised against doing so. A Pomeranian not receiving the proper amount of exercise and space will often act out by destroying property, chewing, barking, whining, and ignoring basic training such as housebreaking.

While the Pomeranian generally responds well to ongoing and persistent training, professional training is sometimes required, which can be quite expensive.

Like most Spitz breeds, the Pomeranian is known to shed heavily and its coat requires almost constant attention, brushing, and grooming to prevent tangling and maintain its attractive appearance.

Common Health Concerns

While the Pomeranian is typically known as a healthy and hearty breed, they do suffer from a few health problems, including: hip dysplasia, patellar luxation - dislocation of the knee, congenital heart defects, collapsing trachea, dry eye - sometimes leading to blindness, skin allergies, hypothyroidism, hypoglycemia, and various dental problems.

Now that you know all about the breed, do you think you are ready to own a Pomeranian? Remember, purchasing a pet is a big decision and should be discussed thoroughly and seriously with your entire family.