All About the Breed Dachshund

Have you recently fallen for the Dachshund? Learn all about the breed here, including: breed history, personality traits, train-ability, benefits and disadvantages of the breed, and common health concerns.

Also known as the Doxie, Dackel, Teckel, Wiener Dog, Hot Dog, Sausage Dog, Worshond, Weenie Dog, Jamnik, Jezevcik, Tax, and the Bassotto, the Dachshund is an intelligent, playful, and affectionate breed.

But how do you know whether you are ready to purchase a pet and if this breed is right for you?

This information is absolutely necessary in making the decision to purchase a pet.


The origin of the Dachshund can be traced back to early 18th century Germany. Enthusiasts believe that the Dachshund originated in ancient Egypt several thousand years ago based on various writings and art work of the era, though this has never been proven scientifically or otherwise.

Throughout its history, the Dachshund has been most commonly used for hunting, scenting, tracking, and flushing out game such as badger and other burrow-dwelling creatures, proving its superior abilities to work endlessly and happily while providing gentle companionship.

The Standard Dachshund is bred in three varieties of coat: Smooth, Long, and Wirehaired.

Today, the Dachshund has attained a world wide popularity as a hunting dog, family pet, and companion.

Personality Traits

Best known for its playful and spunky nature, the Dachshund is a genuinely happy breed that is full of character. These dogs thrive on strong and dependable relationships with humans, love to receive attention and play the role of lap dog during down time, and often look to their owner for support and guidance.

This breed is highly intelligent and generally easy to train. As a pet, the Dachshund is obedient, loyal, loving, and very affectionate. The Dachshund adapts well to full-time indoor and apartment living, yet still enjoys spending time outdoors, playing games such as fetch, and taking long and leisurely walks.


Due to its obedient attitude and need for human attention, the Dachshund generally responds very well to basic training and commands. This bright breed has the ability to learn to perform most any task its trainer is willing to take the time to teach.

Establishing immediate trust and respect is key to successfully training the Dachshund. These dogs can be somewhat sensitive to criticism and respond best to positive reinforcement and reward-based training.

Benefits and Disadvantages of the Breed

There are many benefits to owning a Dachshund. This spunky and lively breed is always on the go, and often very amusing and entertaining to watch while at play. These intelligent dogs are obedient by nature, easy to train, and capable of learning to perform many impressive tricks and tasks.

When properly socialized from a young age, the Dachshund gets along well with children and other pets, known for its sweet and gentle approach to small children and its ability to make friends quickly with other animals due to its social nature.

This breed is alert, aware of its surroundings, and possesses a powerful sense of smell, thus serving as an effective watch dog by announcing the arrival of guests and unwanted visitors. These dogs adapt well to full-time indoor and apartment living. The Dachshund is obedient, loyal, loving, and very affectionate, making an excellent hunting dog, family pet, and companion alike.

Unfortunately, there are also disadvantages to owning a Dachshund. Like many companion breeds, the Dachshund is known to suffer from separation anxiety. Individuals wishing to purchase this breed that travel frequently, have full-time work, or are away from the home on a daily basis are advised to begin researching another breed.

During an attack of separation anxiety, the Dachshund will act out of nervous destruction and may destroy property, chew, bark, whine, and ignore basic training such as housebreaking.

The Dachshund has a strong instinct to hunt and will occasionally indulge in a good chase. When on the run, these dogs are surprisingly quick, and may pose a threat to other animals, neighborhood pets, and small woodland creatures. The Dachshund must be leashed or properly secured at all times when outdoors.

This breed's powerful sense of smell may lead to trouble. It is not unusual for a Dachshund to dart out of doors or tear open bags of garbage in order to track a scent. Proper training can reduce these behaviors in the breed.

Common Health Concerns

While the Dachshund is typically known as a healthy and hearty breed, they do suffer from a few health problems, including: Degenerative Disk Disease and other spinal conditions, patellar luxation - dislocation of the knee, thyroid problems, Cushings Syndrome - a disorder causing high levels of cortisol in the blood, progressive retinal atrophy, glaucoma, cataracts, corneal ulcers, cherry eye, skin and food allergies, sensitivity to anesthesia, and various dental issues.

Now that you know all about the breed, do you think you are ready to own a Dachshund?

Remember, purchasing a pet is a big decision and should be discussed thoroughly and seriously with your entire family.